MMA Health: Nutrients Overview
To acquire good health and physical fitness, you'll need proper nutrition. Check out Fighting Insider's overview of the basic body nutrients.
The key component for a good health and physical fitness is proper nutrition. For athletes who works on their weight, proper nutrition consumption is the most important aid for gaining. According to fitness expert, Joe Franco, an appropriate assortment of food from the four food groups can offer all the basic nutrients that the body requires for an optimum performance. Food satisfies three bodily needs:
1. Energy requirement
2. Tissue growth and repair
3. Energy regulation of metabolic functions
That said, know the basic nutrients that the body requires and their benefits by reading below.
Protein is required to all body tissue repair and growth since it is a major structural component of all body tissues. It is also a necessary component of hormones, enzymes and blood-plasma transport systems. While protein is not a significant energy source during rest, it is used for energy when there is inadequate calorie or carbohydrate intake.
Carbohydrates like starch and sugar are the most readily available source of food energy. It is broken down to a simpler sugar called Glucose during digestion and metabolism. Glucose is used as the body’s main source of energy, and it is stored in muscle tissues as Glycogen — a preferred fuel for most types of exercise.
Fats are the most concentrated source of food energy, as it supplies about 9 kcal for every one gram. It is also the body’s only source of fatty acid called Linoleic Acid, which is essential for growth and skin maintenance. Fat also insulates and protects the body organs from trauma and cold exposure. In addition to this, the said nutrient is involved in absorption and transport of fat-soluble vitamins.
Vitamins are organic – or carbon-containing – compounds that the body cannot manufacture. However, it is required in small amounts. They function as metabolic regulators that look over energy production, growth, maintenance and repair.
Minerals, on the other hand, is the opposite of vitamins. They are non-organic compounds that serve a number of functions in the body. Calcium and Phosphorus, for instance, are used to build bones and teeth. Iodine in thyroxine is an essential component of hormones, while Iron is important for the formation of hemoglobin — the red blood cells’ oxygen carrier.
So know that you know the basic nutrients that the body needs, Fighting Insider will tell you the importance of good nutrition next week. Stay tuned!